6 Essential Woodworking knowledge

1. Drilling Holes

In any DIY project, you may need to drill holes at some point. One of the easiest ways to accomplish this is to use a cordless drill. Cordless drills can go anywhere within the working area and don’t break the bank. You can fasten a masking tape at the end slightly away from the tip of the driller to prevent dust from rushing into your direction. When drilling the roof, replace the tape with a cup-like fastener so that dust doesn’t end up in your eyes. To drill the exact points, produce a photocopy of the material you need to drill and tie it on the surface before beginning the drilling process.

2. Cutting material

You cut material using hand saws, jigsaws, circular saws, table saws and band saws. Circular saws are the cheapest saws you can use on most of your DIY projects.
Handsaws – they are great for making quick cuts that don’t need to be straight. One problem with jigsaws is the fact that each material they work on must have a unique saw.
Jigsaws – This saw has a reciprocal blade and works well on almost every time of sawing assignment. It is especially excellent touch-ups creating curved cuts. This advantage is also its worst Flaw; the saw can’t make straight cuts.
Circular saws – They are the most heavy-duty of all the three types of saws. They produce excellent work on assignments requiring straight cuts. However, they are quite dangerous to the beginners and can’t be used for producing curved cuts when needed.
When using a jigsaw, always ensure the keys are in the correct configuration in case you want to cut the wood at the right angle. Also, you need to be careful on how you adjust the speed so that you don’t damage your precious wood under undue speed.


3. Choosing screws

Know that all woodwork projects that involve joining woods will need screws. Screws do this job perfectly than nails but they come in different sizes and types. There are four common types of screws. Wood screws have a coarse pitch and unthreaded shank. Sheet metal screws have a fine pitch and a threaded screw head. Drywall screws have very coarse pitch and unthreaded shank. The machine screws have a fine pitch and a threaded screw head. Always select the correct screw before using.


4. Sanding

You should perform sanding on wood after cutting or drilling holes on its surface to get rid of the fine splinters projections. There are three types of sanders. The hand sander has sandpaper at the bottom and takes longer to level the surface. The orbital sander has sanding disks on its surface that make it useful tight spaces and small-scale electronics projects. Belt sanders, on the other hand, smoothens the wood by driving a sandpaper belt around it. They work well on large flat objects.


5. Finishing

Finishes beautify your woodwork and protect them from harm. Although there are plenty of finishes in the market, ensure you pick shellac or shellac related finishes. However, you need to clean the surface of the wood with oil first before applying your finish.


6. Painting

If you finish your project but still feel the work needs to be painted, you have two types of paints to choose from oil-based paint and latex paint. Oil-based paints are hard to wash off from the surface while latex paints are excellent for general purpose painting jobs.
l The flatter your paint is, the easier it will conceal the surface flaws
l Flat paints eases touch ups and are more seamless
l The glossier your finish is, the more durable it will be